Newly formed Ministry of Co-operation

The newly formed Ministry of Co-operation is a ministry under the Government of India which was formed in July 2021.
This ministry provides a separate administrative, legal and policy framework to strengthen the cooperative movement in the country. The creation of the ministry was announced on 6 July 2021 with its vision statement of Sahakar Se Samridhi (Translation. Cooperation to Prosperity).

The Ministry of Cooperation works to strengthen cooperatives at the grassroots level, streamline processes for ‘ease of doing business’ for cooperatives and enable the development of multi-state cooperatives (MSCs).

Formed 6 July 2021
Jurisdiction  India
Headquarters New Delhi
Ministers responsible
  • Sh. Amit Shah, Minister of Co-operation
  • Sh. B L Verma, MoS of Co-Operation
S.No Department of Ministry of Co-operation
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What are the features of the new Ministry?

  • Ministry created to realise the vision of ‘sahkar se samriddhi’ (through cooperation to prosperity).
  • It will provide a separate administrative, legal and policy framework for strengthening the cooperative movement in the country.
  • It will work to streamline processes for ‘ease of doing business’ for cooperatives and enable development of multi-state cooperatives (MSCS),

What is a cooperative?

  • Cooperatives are people-centred enterprises owned, controlled and run by and for their members to realise their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations.

Provisions of Indian Constitution related to Cooperatives

The Constitution (97th Amendment) Act, 2011 made following changes in Constitution

  • New Part IXB regarding the cooperatives working in India added. (Part IXA deals with Municipals)
  • In Art. 19(1)(c) the word “cooperatives” was added after “unions and associations”.  This enables all the citizens to form cooperatives by giving it the status of fundamental right of citizens.
  • A new Article 43B was added in the Directive Principles of State Policy (Part IV) regarding the “promotion of cooperative societies”